Karl Nied GmbH - Our wood species

We stand for sustainability

Our wood species

At our sawmill in Assamstadt, we cut, plane and process 25different types of wood.

Our favourite species:



Example of our wood species OakThe oaks (Quercus), from the Old English āc, are members of the beech family (Fagaceae) and are the second most important European hardwood.,
There are countless different species of oak. In the sawmill business, when we speak of oak, we usually mean the pedunculate or sessile oak.
Occurrence: Europe to Asia Minor
Appearance: sapwood yellowy white to ochre, heartwood yellowy brown to light brown, beautiful, decorative grain
Properties: very easy to work, weather-resistant
Uses: indoors and outdoors for windows and doors, furniture, parquet, flooring

Steamed beech

Unsteamed beech

Example of our wood species BeechWhen we refer to the beech in Central Europe, we usually mean the common beech (Fagus sylvatica). Making up around 15% of our forests, it is the most common hardwood species in Europe – a share that is growing.
Occurrence: western, central and southern Europe
Appearance: yellowy red to red-brown (if steamed), false heartwood red to red-brown, discreet grain
Uses: indoors for furniture, stairs, flooring



Example of our wood species AshThe ash (Fraxinus excelsior) is one of the most prominent trees in the countryside. It grows up to 40 m in height and is among the tallest deciduous trees in Europe. After the beech and oak, the ash is one of the most important hardwoods in Central Europe.
Occurrence: Europe to central Russia, the Middle East
Appearance: sapwood white, broad, heartwood yellowy/reddish white, later light brown, often irregularly striped or cloudy, can be coloured like olivewood, clear grain – very decorative
Uses: indoors for furniture, tools, floors



Example of our wood species MapleThe maples (Acer) are in the horse chestnut family. Depending on the author, between 110 and 200 types of maple are known across the world. The most common type in Europe is the sycamore.
Occurrence: Europe
Appearance: yellowy white to white, discreet grain
Uses: indoors for furniture, floors, musical instruments

Other tree species:

  • Acacia / Robinia
  • Apple
  • Pear
  • Black cherry
  • Black walnut
  • Douglas fir
  • Wild service
  • Sweet cherry
  • Walnut
  • Alder
  • Hornbeam
  • Chestnut
  • Lime
  • Poplar
  • Fumed oak
  • Red oak
  • Elm
  • Willow
  • Turkey oak
  • Plum

Can’t find the wood species you want? Then get in touch! We can find the right solution for you.